As my blog readers are aware, a year ago, I returned back to my beloved Appalachian mountains in Western Pennsylvania after living in other parts of the country for most of my adult life. Now let me be clear–this is home for me, and in returning, I knew I was entering an area with some severe environmental challenges. And regardless of what is happening here with regards to fracking, acid mine runoff, logging, strip mining, mountaintop removal, or anything else, there is something about being in your home ecosystem, near family, and near where your ancestors are buried. However, I did not return to the same Pennsylvania that I left. In the time I’ve been gone, a massive shift has occurred on our landscape here because of natural gas exploration–both conventional gas drilling and deep injection well (fracking) drilling–which is destructive to our lands, waterways, and health. Since returning last year, I’ve been working to understand why fracking is happening, what is actually happening to the land energetically, and what we can do about it.
Since I haven’t seen many other druids or earth-centered folks writing about this topic who are actually living near these kinds of situations, I think its an important one to cover on this blog. I plan on doing this in a three-part series (not all necessarily back to back; these posts are hard to write)–this first post will tackle why fracking isn’t just a problem for people living in areas of fracking, but it is everybody’s problem from an environmental, social, health, and spiritual perspective. The second will take a deeper look into the energetics of fracking and what we can do about it as land healers and energy workers, and the final post will report some good news from two groups who have been actively fighting fracking and oil pipelines. I may have another post in there as well–we’ll see how it goes, but that’s the current plant. I know these are tough topics, but I think much good can come of these posts, and our discussion, about what to do.
Fracking as a “far away” problem…
When I lived far away, in Michigan, I had heard about fracking, everybody has. I had felt bad about it, but we were dealing with pipelines of our own there and some other issues, and fracking seemed like a “far away” problem. I think this is how a lot of people feel about it if they aren’t living in the immediacy of it. When it appears to be a faraway problem, you can be mentally invested, and say “wow, that sucks” and do what you can (in our case, our grove over fracking arranged through the Warrior’s Call group).
What I’d like to suggest today, however, is that it is a close-up problem that matters to all of us. Through this exploration, I’ll show the ethical, social, environmental, and spiritual implications of fracking and why each of us should be seriously concerned about this issue.
Reason #1: No land is immune to energy (or other) exploitation. Resources abound in our great planet, and resources are getting more and more scarce. It is likely that you live in an area that has some resources and is under some kind of duress: mines, mountaintop removal, factory, industrial agricultural runoff, tar sands, pipelines, nuclear power plants, the list goes on and on. And in fact, gas drilling of many kinds (including fracking) is quite common. I’m sure each of my readers can share a story of something happening nearby, something that is worrisome or destructive. It might be that fracking is one of the more egregious of these practices, but by no means the only one.
From a spiritual, ethical, or community standpoint–I argue that the fine details aren’t actually as important as the bigger picture implications: someone is trying to extract some resource from the land for a profit, and usually doing it in a manner that is harmful to all life around that extraction and taking shortcuts for higher profits.
I believe we have a lot to learn from fracking, as a case study, for all ways in which the earth is damaged and desecrated. In the coming weeks, I’ll share a case study of two communities who used a variety of tools to fight back against fracking and oil pipelines–and win. Just like the abolitionist movements, and many other social movements across the history of time, we need to be better equipped to stand up to companies who want to pillage our land’s resources, pollute our rivers, or whatever else. In other words, we should care about fracking because this can teach us a lot about how to protect our lands everywhere and everywhere is under potential threat from these, and other similar practices.
And the alternative is that as one practice becomes acceptable and tolerated, other destructive processes can follow. Suddenly it’s ok to do all kinds of destructive things, and we need to hold firm and say, no, it is very much not ok.
Reason #2: Public lands, lands that we collectively own, are at the most risk and need our protection. In the USA (and I hope readers from other places will comment and share about what is happening in their countries) a lot of fracking is happening on public lands. Those are lands that belong to each of us, that are there for the good of all, to preserve and protect–not for the good and profit of energy companies.
If you want to see some of this firsthand, follow this link, which takes you to GeoCommunicator, a map service of the US Department of the Interior and Bureau of Land Management. This shows you all of the “energy” exploration, pipelines, wells, and more that are located on public lands. The second case in point not so far from me is the Allegheny National Forest, which is being extremely threatened by this exploration (here’s a one overview of drilling on public lands and here is a second article about the Allegheny National Forest). The Allegheny National Forest is, as the name suggests, a national forest, set aside for preservation and beauty. That was, until fracking.
Public lands have a long history of exploitation. Our present model of public lands makes no sense to me. It combines ethics of conservation for individuals (don’t touch it, leave no trace, don’t interact with it, stay on the paths) with plenty of opportunity for exploitation for companies and corporations (logging, fracking, bottling water, and other activities are OK). For example, I’m not supposed to pick any wild blueberries, but logging companies can come in and log 15,000 acres sustainably on those same lands. The gas and fracking wells here strip the land all around the well, making roads, bringing in heavy machinery, which requires clear-cutting, and then maintaining the wells by spraying all around the wells with chemicals every few weeks. The wells themselves, of course, are subject to spillage. When you get within 20 feet of a well, with it’s toxic and keep away signs, the well really stinks. I have seen this firsthand both with traditional gas wells as well as fracking wells. Traditional gas wells are smaller, but still have this kind of cutting and spraying. Fracking wells are much larger, and take up a lot of space for roads, clearings, etc.
One older version of a public lands model used the framework of the commons. A commons, at least in Western heritage, developed in several places, including in feudal England. A commons may have been owned collectively or by one person, but each person had “rights” with regards to the common–most often these included grazing rights, foraging rights (for food, firewood), fishing rights, and so on. But today, we might re-envision the idea of a commons as a place where all of us (including plants and animals) have rights, and those rights include the right to life and the right to spend time there. If these are common lands, owned by the public–that is, you and me–than it seems that personal profits, like through fracking, are simply unacceptable. We all have a stake in these public lands and their long-term preservation for ourselves, for the land’s inhabitants, and for future generations of all life.
Reason #3: Fracking has severe implications for health of people and lands far and wide. On the broadest sense, the issue of fracking matters because, in permaculture design terms, it is an ethical issue spanning both people care and earth care. Obviously, the most immediate issues are the health challenges for those humans, plans, animals, birds, insects, etc who live immediately around the wells, and those humans who work at the wells. This has all kinds of implications: we know fracking chemicals are radioactive, we know they are linked to severe health effects, and they have tremendous impact on the land (air pollution, water pollution, earthquakes, and more). We also know that not nearly enough research has been done exploring these implications and connections due to a host of factors, many of which span from unknown and propriety chemical mixes in fracking water.
And yet, despite the lack of lots of research, the health issues (human, environmental) are well known and severe. They are also common sense–dumping billions of tons of chemicals, poisons, and radioactive wastewater into any ecosystem is a sure way to make that ecosystem sickly. A lot of people think that these issues are only connected to local ecosystems, but that’s not the case–see my next few points.
Reason #4: Water Flows. The ethical and health challenges are not limited to where fracking happens. Water flows, and water cycles. How far, for example, will those fracking chemicals travel from waterways here in Western PA and other parts? Nearly all of our rivers here flow into the Ohio River, which flows into the Mississippi, which flows into the Gulf of Mexico. The other hot spots of fracking include North Dakota (also traveling into the Mississippi by way of the Missouri), Oklahoma, and Texas (much of which is flowing into the Red River, also flowing into the Mississippi). This means, at multiple points, the waterways are being tainted, eventually ending up in the ocean. Of course, if you are in California, they just dump it right into the ocean or put it on crops (see below). But even if the trillions of tons of wastewater is injected deep in the ground, as it continues to be, there is growing concern that it is very likely not to stay there. Currently, over 30 trillion tons of fracking wastewater sits now beneath our lands, in our aquifers, they may remain poisoned for hundreds of years.
I don’t have to tell you, dear readers, that water is sacred, that water is life. When we poison those waters, what are we left with?
Reason #5: Your Food is Possibly being Grown with Fracking Wastewater
How many fruits, vegetables, or nuts have you eaten from California lately? How many have been labeled organic? A number of recent articles has uncovered that due to the drought in California, and the increasing challenges oil companies have in disposing of their hazardous fracking wastewater, they have instead sold it to farmers to irrigate their crops–including some certified organic farmers. So in addition to poisoning the waterways, we are also poisoning the soil. This whole thing terrifies me–we still don’t know what is in the fracking wastewater (see #7, below), and I can’t imagine that any cleaning process really has the ability to clean it fully.
Reason #6: Fracking, Mental Health, Spirituality, and Spending Time in Nature. As many have noted, mental health is in a crisis in developed nations, certainly in the USA. A growing number of people have argued that at least a portion of the mental health crisis has to do with the stress in living in a crumbling world and learning to accept that reality. Even if you aren’t explicitly reading or thinking about it, a lot of us know, intuitively, that something is very wrong and that stress manifests mentally in a variety of ways.
This is part of why returning to nature, and seeking spiritual connection with nature, is so important. In the words of the bumper sticker on my car: “trees are the answer.” Scientists, who often “discover” truths that those following earth-based spiritual paths already know–and nature certainly heals. You may have recently come across the articles about “nature” as the prescription to the mental health woes plaguing so many people in industrialized settings. Of course, we druids and earth-based spiritual folks already know this–this is why we spend so much time in nature–it is good for the spirit, the mind, the body, and the heart.
But what happens if we can no longer go seek solace in nature? What happens when you head to public lands, which is where many of us go, and instead, find gas and fracking wells there? I’ve experienced this firsthand so often (and for reasons why, I refer you to the first graphic I posted with this blog). To me, the saddest thing at present is that it’s nearly impossible to enjoy local natural areas without being near gas wells–it seems impossible to have an “escape” from all of it. You know, where you can go, hike a bit, relax, let the mind settle, and just regain some peace and balance from this insane world being only among the trees. In my current reality, I go for a walk, and ever 10 or so minutes, I come across another stinky well. I had this happen to me just last week at a local park, and literally every time I enter most of the parks around here. For a direct example, you can see a full PDF of the map of the park I recently visited at this link; I’ve also included a screenshot above. If you look at the map, you’ll notice the prominent “Gas Wells.” I’ll note that these are not deep injection wells here, but older gas wells. Other parks do have deep injection wells in the area that I’ve come across. If nature is a place of relaxation and solace, that is simply impossible if our forests are covered in gas wells (and gas roads, underground gas lines, etc). Nearly all the parks in my area are full of them. I’ll write more about this issue and its connection to spiritual life in my second post.
I think there are serious implications for not only the mental health, but the spiritual life, of people who live in these areas. Nature is no longer a sacred sanctuary, but a constant reminder of many of the challenges we face in the world.
Reason #7: Regulations are Minimal or Non-Existent (and violated)
One of the big challenges is that fracking happened very quickly, science happens slowly, and the regulations that do exist are woefully out of date. At this point, we still don’t even know what is in most of the fracking wastewater mixes. We don’t know if it’s safe to dispose of them as they have been (injection wells). What w do know is that government regulators have repeatedly looked the other way; have taken few steps to do anything to protect the land or her people from these real dangers.
In PA, one in six fracking sites have violations (or even more, in some states), and the implications of those violations are severe. As Jeff Inglis writes in Fracking Failures, there is a lack of regulatory practices, and when regulatory practices exist, they are frequently violated. He writes, “Fracking is an inherently polluting practice…The evidence bears this out. As demonstrated in this report, fracking operators in Pennsylvania regularly violate essential environmental and public health protections. Even key industry players who have pledged to clean up their acts are still breaking the rules and damaging the environment.”
As someone who walks a nature-centered path, I believe that it is my sacred responsibility to protect the land, to be a guardian, a healer, and an ambassador. As part of that work, I feel I must not turn a blind eye towards this. If we don’t pay attention, if we don’t ask questions, if we don’t exert pressure–who will?
Reason #8: The Opposition to Silence
I started to write on this topic (not sure if it would ever make it into my blog) because of the silence, even from the progressive folks, on the matter. Of course, it’s not something I want to talk about or want to deal with, but the implications of this aren’t just about me. They are about all of the land, waterways, and life, everywhere. I’ve written on the issue of silence before, and in this case, the silence is deafening. People here don’t talk about the wells that are literally outside their backyards, smack dab in the middle of their community garden, all through their farmlands, through their parks, and behind their schools. Its like we have turned a blind eye to the fact the wells are even present, that they are a non-issue here. And so, I break the silence.
Now I want to be clear–this stuff is everywhere, and there are millions and millions of tons of fracking wastewater. I also want to note that this is just what has been reported, what we actually know. The scary thing to me is that there’s a whole bunch of stuff we don’t know: what’s in the wastewater, what are the long-term implications; how long whatever is in it lingers in the soil….if you eat, if you breathe, if you drink water–this is a concern.
I hope, at this point, that it is clear why paying attention to fracking as a “close up” problem matters, and why we all have a stake in this issue. I’ll be talking a lot more in my next post in this series about what this, and other kinds of energy exploitation, does to damage human-land connections and the energetic implications of this work.
Thank you for this piece. I live in Maine where there is, so far, no fracking (though Nestle is mining our water, which local people have tried for years to stop, even taking it to the court system in Maine, but – of course – lost) but ever since learning about it several years ago I’ve been so angry and appalled. And when I think of the process and how damaging it is to the Earth . . . I am reminded of the Doors song, “When the Music’s Over” where the lyrics say: “What have they done to the earth? What have they done to our fair sister? Ravaged and plundered and ripped her and bit her, stuck her with knives in the side of the dawn and tied her with fences and dragged her down”. I can feel it in my body and I know that the process is damaging, not only physically but emotionally and spiritually. I’m looking forward to those yet to come.
That’s a good point about the Doors song. And think about what has happened in the time since. I can feel it in my body too. I’m sorry to hear about what is happening to the waters in Maine. Everything that we consume comes from somewhere–we must always remember this!
Thank you for your report. this affects all of us. I live in the foothills of the Berkshire mountains. Our biggest destructors here are logging and Granite mining for those popular countertops. Mountains that take thousands of years to grow cut up for countertpos that will be out of fashion in ten years. I moved up from NY City for the country air, which I find is polluted by the smoke from factories in Ohio. Air flows. I have been active in advocating banning fracking in New York.
We need to unite in our opposition to the desecration of our planet.
Air flows, indeed. I think that all of these environmental destructive activities begin, and end, with our own awareness. Everything comes from somewhere–the granite countertops are a good example. I’m sorry to hear about the pollution in the air–we have it here too from coal-burning power plants. Thank you for your comment, Nora!
Thank you for this post, It seems that fracking is happening near the area that I live in and has been for some time.T
Reblogged this on ravenhawks' magazine.
Thank you for the reblog and comment 🙂
The threat to the stability of the plates under the earth will show soon. If you ever looked at ‘earth changes’ maps and wondered how the east coast could be affected by earth quakes-I feel this will be the reason. The rush to greed of course threatens all long range seeing. They won’t be able to reverse the disruption. Make sure you own your gas and mineral rights and refuse to allow drilling. PA was once all old growth forest. That was all logged off-the protected forests now are after that original generation but still need to be kept intact.
There are states where you don’t own what’s under ground, only what’s on top. And big money will always win out, regardless. They’ll force you to sell by taking the land. Corporations are all-powerful and they get what they want and will go to any length to do it – legal or otherwise. They have deep pockets. We do have earthquakes in the east – there have been a couple recently in Maine. They just aren’t usually that strong. But that could very well change.
In PA, its all about who has the “mineral rights.” Sometimes they have been sold off, sometimes they are with a piece of property. Now, however, with fracking, they can just horizontally drill under your property even if they don’t have the rights, so it doesn’t really matter. I have seen the deep pockets thing so many times–but people can, and do, win. I’ll share some of those good stories in a future post!
Greta, indeed PA was all old-growth forests. I have visited a few of the scant remains. I found a book from the late 1800’s talking about what was left in terms of forests, and in many counties, less than 5% of the original forest cover was left. By the 1930’s, it was a desolate wasteland. So many of the forests we have are second, third, or fourth growth. They still log a ton here!
I haven’t bought new property yet, but yes, I will absolutely make sure I own the mineral rights (and the logging rights, which is something else that they often sell off!).
I am so sorry to hear about the dreadful mess being made of your home State. Only 200 years ago, I am sure it was a paradise.
I thought it was quite unintentinally funny that you have a bumper sticker on your car, extolling the virtues of trees. We have a bumper sticker on our bike trailer extoling the virtues of the Canadian Navy. (Yes, we do have one and my husband was a career sailor.)
You see, I thought it was funny because cars are a huge part of the petroleum exploitation problem. It is the addiction to happy motoring that is driving the relentless exploitation of poorer and poorer petroleum reserves.
I know some people really need a car but in many cases, people can manage without them. We have not had a car for four years and we live in the country. We are part of an informal car coop and once a month, we rent a van and go into the big city (really a small town) and buy such things as we cannot make or buy on our little island.
Other people go to town once a week or even more and that means an expensive and fuel intensive ferry trip. We find we are much happier without the stress of owning a car and we are saving lots of money. Our consumption of petroleum products is a tiny fraction of what it used to be.
Yours under the red cedar,
I live in a walkable town, so I use the car less than 1/week at this point. Usually it is to go get groceries, which are a bit heavy and far (although I’m looking to purchase a house, and when I do, I’m going to get a cargo bike to take care of this problem!). Or it is to visit my parents a few towns over. That’s about the extent of my car use these days. So most of the time, my car sits there. I can walk to campus, walk to see friends, walk downtown…:)
It has made life much less…stressful! I used to drive 18 miles each way to work and back, and now that I use my own two legs, a world has opened up to me! 🙂
Thanks for your comment!
Thank you, Dana, for the part of your post about “Opposition to Silence.” That was what shocked me most when I worked in an ag regulatory office 25 years ago – everyone I mentioned the problem to, that the regulators were so pro-industry and anti-small farms/non-chemical ag agreed it was appalling, but no one supported me in any way. One person even said “well, if you don’t work there for those people, someone else will.” They all had a fatalistic, “it’s gonna happen anyway, just let it go” attitude. As for the Canadian poster above about cars – not being critical, rather friendly, but Canadians in some ways are much much more sensible about community than are Americans. I live in a town where the idea of a “car co-op” would be considered tantamount to establishing a socialist republic – Right-wing values are so deeply entrenched and people’s “it’s mine and I’m not sharing it – get your own” prevails. I am always astonished when once a month or so, a local woman invites me to rideshare just to the grocery – because it is Just Not Done here.
I think the “not done here” is a true statement in so many places. I try to engage in change that will be meaningful! And yet, small change is possible. One person at a time, one change at a time. Expand awareness, fight the good fight….
Hi Dana and CindyW,
Glad you are weaning yourself from the car. My husband surprised me by being much happier without a car because it was a dreadfully hard sell to go carless in his case. He didn’t sulk at all once we got rid of it. His main problem was hating to ask to borrow a vehicle but our car coop partners are so cheerful and enthusiastic that he soon became comfortable with the idea.
How our car coop works is we only involve people we know very well and trust. We call a week or so before we need the van and give a range of days it would work for us to get the vehicle; this makes it convenient for them to pick a day that will suit them. We use it, we fill it more full of gas than when we got it and if anything breaks on our watch, we pay to have it repaired. We drive them to the airport when they go on holiday and they give us the car to babysit. We insist on paying for the number of trips we use it for in their absence. We clean the car nicely before they come back. The regular rent money is useful to them and they enjoy doing something so progressive.
Cindy, car cooping is done in your area. The nice lady who invites you to the grocery store is starting something. I find that if I start small, start by setting an example, start with people I like, if I am considerate then it changes attitudes. A smile is so much nicer to encounter than a snarl and a, “get your own,” that is may soften hearts.
Thanks, Max, for your insights. You are absolutely right: until we end our reliance on fossil fuels, we will always have threats from oil exploitation and fracking.
I understand about using cars but the worst offender is global shipping. Materials are shipped thousands of miles to a factory, the goods are shipped thousands of miles to a consumer. This globalization cannot be cheaper than locally made, slave labor or not. It has to be subsidized by taxpayers, even if that subsidization is clandestine.
In doing research on other things, I stumbled on the fact that 60 corporations moved manufacturing into Pakistan under protection of the US military under cover of war in Afghanistan. Suddenly there is a reason to stay in these countries and our children die for it.
My local land issue includes an entire mountain being knocked down and turned into concrete products. This is about 15 miles from me. The entire city of Albuquerque is just about made of this concrete. Population growth and high consumption of imported goods is part of the problem. Shipping food across the globe is a huge petroleum user with no added value. I live in the country and drive 18 mile round trip once every 7-10 days
in a paid for small pickup getting 33 mpg. I could coop a vehicle easy enough after this one dies. I am thinking scooter instead. Bicycle but at 62 with such steep gradients… not so much. I mostly buy used, but have downsized and rarely need more stuff. I bought an oil press… no more non gmo imported olive oil. There are a million ways to help, pick one, then another. I wash laundry in a bucket with plunger and use the water in the garden because no rain. No manufacturing another washer/dryer for me and no electrical use. It is easy and fast, a surprise for me; back breaking labor it is not. Just choose something because this change has to come from the bottom up.
Albuquerque got so many people to xeriscape that their income dropped and they were having trouble subsidizing Intel’s massive water use… so they raised rates on residential users.
Rebecca, Thanks for pointing out the issues with global shipping. One of the things I’m trying to do to combat that is A) making my own stuff when possible and/or repurposing and B) buying local, or at least region, or at least US made, if nothing else. The problem of course is that there isn’t much US made or local stuff to buy anymore. Can I buy a local pair of shoes? (No, but I am learning to make them!)
The scooter sounds like an amazing solution for you! Thanks for sharing your other things you do! 🙂