A group of people sharing stories and songs by the fire. A fine pair of leather shoes. A beautiful woven garment. A tale full of twists and mystery. Finely wrought iron doors. An amazing wood carving on a stump. A marble sculpture. A wildly painted mural on a wall. A cob structure with whimsical trees and forms. A song that reaches deep within you when you hear it. A rousing speech. Each of these, and so many others, represent the natural creative expressions of humanity. Taking up the path of the bard is one of three paths in the druid tradition (along with the work of the Ovate and the Druid). Yet, many people aren’t sure how to take up the path of the bard because they don’t think they are “creative” or “talented” enough. However, the bardic arts are part of our human heritage and birthright, and each of us has that possibility. I believe it is essential that we have an opportunity to cultivate them and to embrace the flow of awen in our lives. This post, part my longer series on the bardic arts, explores the nature of the bardic arts, how to take them up, and how to become proficient at them. The goal of this two-part post is to answer the two basic questions:
- How can we make the bardic arts accessible to every person?
- How can you begin to take up a bardic art yourself, regardless of skill level?
To explore our two questions, in this week’s post we’ll begin by examining some definitions of the bardic arts. Then, we’ll explore common challenges people face with taking up the bardic path and the roots of some of these challenges. Next week, we’ll discuss how, regardless of “talent” or starting point, you can become proficient at a bardic art and offer you tools to get started or continue that process.
What are the bardic arts?
For the druid path, the bardic arts, or a wide variety of creative expressions, are central to the practice of druidry. The ancient bards invoked the “Awen”; the awen is the inspiration, the muse of inspiration, or the spark of creativity that flows. Likewise, modern druids intone and invoke the Awen in our practices often and draw upon the flow of awen for creative works. I talked more about the awen in last week’s post and more about this centrality of connecting to the creative arts in my recent post on connection as the core philosophy of the druid tradition.
By “bardic arts,” I refer to a wide variety of creative and skilled expressions that can fall into four broad categories:
- Performing arts: including music, theater, dance, movement, storytelling, singing, acting, and so on.
- Fine arts: including painting, sculpture, drawing, photography, printmaking, and so on.
- Literary arts: including writing poetry, songwriting, writing prose, and any kind of writing that requires craft and skill
- Fine crafts: including fiber arts, metalwork/smithing, pottery, glasswork, woodwork, bookbinding, papermaking, and so on.
I recognize that many of these categories overlap, and all are inherently performative in nature and allow a bard to engage in some form of self-expression. One possibility to add to this list might also include “digital arts” of various kinds (film, 3d design and printing, etc) although I’m sticking here to comments on more traditional bardic arts. A second possibility might be culinary arts or other kinds of creations.
Challenging Social Structures and Creative Expression
So now that we have some idea of what the bardic arts are, we can begin to dig into the challenging social structures and cultural inhibitions against creating that prevent more people from taking up the path of the bard. Because it isn’t until we understand the problems we face in cultivating the bardic arts that we can find ways of addressing those issues.
Growing Up and the Langauge of Disempowerment
Children are the most natural bards of all. Young children do not have the cultural inhibitions against creating that many adolescents and adults later develop. In fact, young children instead create constantly: a group of children with crayons and paper will quickly create numerous colorful drawings, sharing them with each other. Another day, children might create complex sandcastles or fingerpaint on the wall or draw pictures in the soil outside. They are happy to sing, dance, and create anything. No one has to teach these children to be creative; they might need to be taught how to use the markers, but a healthy child will create, often to excess, without hesitation or judgment. Further, children aren’t judgemental of their creative work: they create because it brings them joy, not necessarily, because they are creating masterpieces.
By the time that that bardic-arts-loving child goes through mass education, however, his or her willingness to pick up a crayon again is often greatly diminished. By the time that child is a teenager, their creative spirit is often replaced with narratives of disempowerment. They might now say, “I’m not creative” or, when experiencing another’s bardic expressions say, “I could never do that” or “I’m not talented* like you.” They say, “I could never be a [musician/artist/etc.].”
How many of you have heard statements like these or said them yourself? I have heard hundreds of people over the years say these things. Our words have power, and the kind of statements above is the language of disempowerment. This kind of language prevents us from taking up the path of the bard, and it stifles any chance of creativity. The more we say these things, the more we reinfoce the idea that we are not creative, not talented, and not capable of creative work.
(*The etymology of the term “talent” is also worth exploring here. The original term “talent” is a unit of Roman currency. The “Parable of the Talents” within the Christian tradition tells a story of a master who gives three servants different numbers of coins. Two of the servants invest their coins and gain additional talents. The third servant buries it in the earth to prevent losing it; this servant is punished by his master. The moral here is that if we invest in our talents, we gain.)
Cultural Sources of Creative Disempowerment
What exactly happens in western culture to turn happy and creative children into disempowered teens and adults? I hold that it has at least six sources of disempowerment, each of which is worth considering to help us begin to remove the cultural blocks on the creative spirit and the flow of Awen.
Celebration of the Exceptional. Because western culture celebrates and elevates that which is exceptional, it makes average people believe that the bardic arts are only worth pursuing if they are highly “talented.” Mass media constantly parades exceptional skill/talent in our screens and in our faces, making any of our own efforts appear less than satisfactory. For example, the culture of celebrity prevalent in Westernized media elevates professional entertainers, craftspeople, and artists. It is their work that we consume and their work fills our homes and our lives, stifling our own. The phenomenon of television shows celebrating exceptional “talent” (The Voice, America’s Got Talent, American Idol, etc.) is a telling example here. Tens of thousands of people come out to compete for a chance to win what is, essentially, a highly publicized talent show. Those who aren’t exceptional are literally mocked on national television, and as the show goes on, in the end one or two are elevated to celebrity status. Their music or other creative talents are consumed by millions across the land.
Active and Passive Entertainment. The above example directly leads us to the second cultural challenge: the everyday people are discouraged from actively providing their own entertainment. The proliferation of mass media being broadcast into every home ensures that one is so immersed in the creations of others that one has little time, or desire, to create for themselves. One of the things the modern druid movement does is bring back the Eisteddfod, the bardic circle, and celebrates the telling of stories, singing of songs, playing of music, and encouraging each person (regardless of ability) to share, actively taking entertainment back into our own hands.
Deferring to the Experts. The culture of celebrity also encourages us to “defer” to the experts—those professional entertainers, artists, musicians, and so on who hold exceptional talent are the only ones who hold power. In the Unsettling of America, Wendell Berry cautions against trusting a “specialist” for everything: we have specialists who are in charge of our health, specialists who are in charge of growing our food, and specialists who are in charge of our entertainment (among many other things). An adult living in western society has, literally, decades of practice being conditioned to defer to experts for his/her basic needs, and unfortunately, the creative arts are no exception. This is disempowering and doesn’t encourage one to take up the bardic arts.
Remote Creative Expressions. A fourth challenge present that the celebrity/expert culture puts creative expression in the hands of distant strangers rather than local people in the community. You don’t personally know the celebrities that are providing your entertainment or arts; they are remote, distanced strangers who aren’t accessible to you in any other way. This reduces the chance for you to learn, to ask questions, and to see that any person can cultivate a bardic art.
Belief in Innate Talent. Fifth, we have a powerful and prevailing cultural belief in innate talent. This has two sides. First, there is the belief that only those with innate or extraordinary talents should take up creative expressions (because those are the only people who could make money at doing it, see next challenge below). Schools–and individuals–work to elevate those rare individuals with “gifted” or extraordinary people while serving to disempower those who don’t immediately display such gifts. Secondly, there is the idea that a person must already be good at something in order to pursue it. Often, others seek to disempower you if you aren’t as good or are just learning–and this can be stifling. There is no room for practice or someone who is just “good enough.” Over a lifetime, these beliefs severely disempower those who may have an interest in learning a new bardic art but aren’t immediately masters when they begin (and really, who is?). This leads to disempowerment and people not even trying a new bardic art because they aren’t immediately good at it.
Creative Gifts tied to Material Wealth. A final source of disempowerment comes in the form of the expectation and assumption of financial gain. In a materialistic culture, every serious pursuit is expected to be of some financial benefit. This discourages both those who want to enjoy creative gifts for their own sake in a position of constantly explaining “I don’t sell my work” and those who are interested in taking up bardic art in a disempowered position. This also leads to the idea that if your work isn’t good enough to sell, you shouldn’t be doing it. If it can’t be monitized, it has no real value and isn’t worth your time. Obviously, this is false, but it is still pervasive.
To demonstrate some of these cultural challenges, I’ll use myself as an example. I have a panflute, which I play occasionally. Although I have a good ear for music, I’m not that good at my panflute because I don’t practice enough. This is because I choose to devote most of my time to my writing and visual arts. So when I play my panflute, I usually mess up a bit – it is a challenging instrument to play. I don’t care if I make a few mistakes, and neither do the trees I am playing for. But people do–they expect flawless, expert performances. I have had people tell me, “don’t quit your day job” after hearing me play. My singing is even worse–I have not taken voice lessons nor do I have a very strong voice, but I like to sing anyways. If I sing or play the flute and others hear me, it is not seen as a positive thing, but rather, I experience a lot of discouragement.
On the other hand, I am a highly-skilled artist. This is becuase I grew up in a house with two parents who were professional artists and because I have dedicated myself to my art and practiced it at least several times a week for over a decade. If I share my work, I often will hear the “you are so talented, I could never do that” statements. These statements both disempower the speaker and disregard the thousands of hours that I have put into my artwork to be able to get to the level where I am. I also hear, “you should sell your work” as if commercializing it is the ultimate compliment. My art is part of my spiritual path and making money from it isn’t the point of it. But the only models we have, culturally, suggest being successful as a bard is to be *really* good at it and to make a profit.
Breaking Away from Cultural Challenges: Local Bardic Communities
Despite the above cultural challenges, a good number of everyday people break out of these narratives and engage in the bardic arts, often developing local communities of bards. You see these endeavors through initiatives such as community theaters, community orchestras, local wood carving guilds, artist associations, local art shows, local singing groups, local craft guilds, and more. These groups not only support those engaged in the bardic arts in further developing their talents but offer places for everyday community members to be exposed to artists who are ordinary people and who are engaged in creative works. In other words, these local community groups serve as counter-narratives to the above problems in at least four ways:
- They demonstrate that everyday people (neighbors, friends, family members) can engage in creative expressions
- They demonstrate active role in one’s own entertainment/creative expression rather than handing this over to specialists
- They accept the idea that being “good” at something is good enough*
- And, they demonstrate that bardic arts don’t have to be done only for profit, but simply, for pleasure
Here, I point to a scene in John Michael Greer’s Retrotopia, where the main character goes to see a theater performance and comments that the singing and acting were “good” and an enjoyable time was had by all. The point being made here is that entertainment doesn’t need to be done by only the exceptional—being “good enough” still leads to enjoyment.
Despite serious cultural challenges, the creative flow of awen hasn’t completely been lost from the common folk! So hopefully at this point, we can see the roots of some of these common cultural challenges and through this illustration, we can begin to break out of the challenges and embrace our creativity. Next week, we turn to a discussion of how to cultivate your creative gifts as a bard and cultivate and join communities of bards. In the meantime, perhaps this week, take some time for whatever bardic pursuit you enjoy (or are thinking about taking up!)
Thank you Dana! Your posts are always so inspiring.Happy Solstice
Happy solstice to you as well! 🙂
Reblogged this on Paths I Walk.
Thanks for the reblog!
Hello Dana, For a long time, I have had my toe in the water regarding starting my journey on the bardic path. This article is very encouraging and eases some of the reservations I have in my mind about freedom of expression, and participating in creative groups. Your writings are always an inspiration. Every Sunday when I get some soul space, I read your blogs which help soothe me and help me come back to who I am and what I want to do. Grateful thanks!
Diane, thank you so much for reading and for your kind comment! I really do want to encourage you to let yourself be free to express and create :). To me, that’s one of the great joys in life!
I so appreciate the depth of your commentry on this important subject. When we become spectators only we deny our divine creative gift, that being is enough to celebrate. We must turn to take responsibility for creative all aspects of our lives: to design. Create, and explore and share. When we leave these innate human processes behind we invite instead, and embrace, the spectre of depression and disempowerment, the foolishness of ‘not enough’.
Soley turning to others for expression of the heart and soul diminishes our own capacity to be. Vivid life is ours through the living, singing, painting, designing and creating. Grab a chalk and go!
I love the statement you shared, “Solely turning to others for expression of the heart and soul diminishes our own capacity to be.” Well said! Thanks for reading and for the comment 🙂
Reblogged this on Rattiesforeverworldpresscom.
Thanks for the reblog!
Number six… ohhh yes, been there, done that. Two of my 5 or so creative efforts come to mind. One is easily appreciated by people who say “I could never do that, I can’t believe how skilled you are at that” etc. (well, 16 years’ practice has something to do with it) and the very next question is how much I would charge for a finished piece. The other creative effort is less easily understood, and it is related to the inspired 🙂 idea I got from reading your recent post about the Awen symbol. That, too, once shown and explained, is immediately put into monetary context. I even catch myself noticing how much the materials cost, and how others can and do perceive it as a useless and expensive effort. It’s a constant battle.
Yes, exactly. 16 years of practice has everything to do with it! When people ask me how much I charge for a finished piece, I respond with, how many trees are you willing to plant for it? Because if you plant and tend 5 hickory trees, I’ll be happy to give it to you :). It usually helps shift the conversation. I really like doing that, haha!
Such a great response!
Reblogged this on The Crane Book of Wisdom and commented:
A post about the Bardic arts and how we can make an effort to return them to modern society.
Thanks for the reblog!
The Spirit Of Poison Ivy painting is wonderful Dana. What a gift.
Thanks! That’s part of a larger series of plant spirits I’ve been working on for about two years. I think Poison Ivy is the nicest of the paintings yet! I think it will take a year and a half to finish them :).
Thank you for sharing these words and insights. I have found them grounding and inspiring. Also your posts on botanical ink making. Great to have tapped into this resource! Feel a strong connection to the bard path, deep in Welsh roots. Thanks again.
Thanks for the comments and for reading 🙂
And I will never see the poison ivy in my yard quite the same way again! Thanks for this post – the artist Julia Cameron had a book/tape that first introduced this idea to me. I’ve thought too many times “I’m not creative. I’m not talented in the arts,” although I studied music as a child. Love your “hickory tree” response also! And your post reminds me of some artists in the UK who travel around in a gypsy wagon – Rima Staines and Tom Hirons of Hedgespoken – very gifted, but not “financially successful,” doing a bardic sort of thing in their wagon. Also appreciate very much shift from celebrity/exceptional worship.
Yes, our dear sister ivy. I’ll be posting a discussion of her in the next few weeks–the post is already under development :).
I love the story of the gypsy wagon folks and their bardic wagon! That’s so exciting. I hope that communites embrace them and their arts and give them what they need to support themselves full time!